mercoledì 16 novembre 2011

Metropol Parasol - Seville by J. MAYER H. ARCHITECTS, ARUP

Metropol Parasol” is a new landmark of the city of Seville – a place of identification and presentation of Seville’s role as one of the most fascinating cultural places in Spain. 
”Metropol Parasol” offers the potential to make the Plaza de la Encarnación into a new contemporary urban center. The role of this unique urban space in the center of the dense structure of the medieval old town of Seville provides a wide variety of differentiated activities, from the presentation of local history to recreation and shopping. The well developed infrastructure makes the place very alive as a destination for tourists and for citizens of the city. 
The concept of “Metropol Parasol” with the large mushroom-like structures in the basement houses an archaeological museum, an indoor market place at street level, an elevated plaza for events, a bar, restaurants and a panoramic tour on top of the Parasols. The polyurethane-coated timber structure grows out of the level of the archaeological excavation as a logo for the city. The multi-functional range of uses of the “Metropol Parasol” initiates a dynamic development of cultural and commercial facilities in the heart of Seville.

More than 3000 free-formed timber elements with different height and variable width 
The timber mega-structure of the Metropol Parasol is about 150 m long, 75m wide and 28m high. It consists of laminated veneer lumber Kerto-Q panels which are arranged on an orthogonal grid of 1.50 m x 1.50 m. The height of the free-formed timber elements is depends on the structural loading. At the less loaded perimeter it is ca. 30 cm and rises to about 3.00 m at the transition to the trunks. The variation of the structural thickness is the result of an iterative, static computer simulation (see below) and ranges between 7cm and 22cm, depending on the particular loads. 
The orthogonal timber structure is stiffened by steel diagonals, which are located mainly underneath the walkways. The structure of the Metropol Parasol therefore works as a rigid bi-directional timber lattice shell. 
The more than 3000 different wood elements are made in Aichach near Munich in Germany, and together for a total volume of 2500 m³ laminated veneer lumber.

New timber protection concept with polyurethane coating The timber structure has no roof and therefore must be protected from the weather. For this, the architects developed a new system for the timber preservation: the timber is directly coated with a waterproof but vapor-permeable 2-3mm thick 2-component polyurethane coating. Together with a colored top coat, this results in a new, up to now unknown protection for timber surface.

Innovative special bonding for the structural connection detail 
Crucial for the behavior of the Metropol Parasol are the more than 3000 connection nodes at the intersections of the timber elements. Engineers at Arup and FFM developed an innovative connection detail based on glued-in steel bars, which at the same time are optimized for rapid erection on site. A thermal computer analysis by Arup revealed that the hot climate of southern Spain would be a particular challenge for the connection detail – a result that the thermal simulation and testing at the Fraunhofer Institut confirmed. The engineers at Arup and FFMthen developed a new bonding process, especially for use in hot Seville. This development was supported by the WEVO-Chemie and the glue specialist Borimir Radovic. Experiments carried out on the connection detail at the University of Augsburg and the University of Stuttgart confirmed the proposed design.

Continuous electronic data transfer The project Metropol Parasol was only conceivable as a result of an integrated design team of architects, structural engineers, building services, fire prevention specialist and the timber contractors. Prerequisite for the planning here was the complete electronic data exchange between all planning partners, including the general contractor, in all locations in Germany and Spain. The data from the architect model (JMH) could be integrated directly into the programs of the structural engineers (Arup) and the timber contractor (FFM) and then electronically processed.

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